Trashumante is dedicated to following best practices on ethical matters regarding the process of academic publication. The prevention of publication malpractice is one of the important responsibilities of the Editorial Board and the Editors. Any kind of unethical behavior is not acceptable. Therefore is necessary to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor and the peer reviewer. In the submission of an article or a review is implied that the author or reviewer agree with the following policies.
The following duties outlined for editors, authors, and reviewers are based on the COPE Codes of Conduct
DUTIES OF AUTHORS
Originality and Plagiarism
Authors submitting articles to the Journal affirm that manuscript contents are original. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should acknowledge all sources and cite all publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.
Authorship of the Paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the reported study. All co-authors must have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission to the journal.
Reporting standards and acknowledgment of sources
Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. Manuscripts will follow the submission guidelines of the journal. (See Submission Guidelines)
A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to track the sources of the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
The author warrant that their article has neither been published elsewhere in any language fully or partly, nor is it under review for publication anywhere.
An author should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
The manuscript should not be available in any public access source prior to the communication of the result of the review process. If the manuscript is accepted for its publication, it should not be available in any public access source prior to the publication of the Journal. Any other source where the article might be available should redirect or refer to the Journal. The article should be treated by the author always citing the Journal as a primary source.
Permissions for graphic materials
Authors should have the correspondent written permissions and consents for any graphic materials used in their manuscripts, and should send this documentation to the editors.
Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to notify the journal editor and cooperate.
DUTIES OF EDITORS
For the timely detection of plagiarism, Trashumante relies on the expertise of referees who are asked to inform about any suspicion of wrongful appropriation of someone else’s work or ideas within the papers they review. If there is the slightest possibility of this kind of misconduct, our editorial staff checks the suspected text using, if necessary, the appropriate software. In case we detect any instance of plagiarism, the staff of Trashumante would inform the author of it as well as the rightful owners of the content. The paper would be then excluded from the selection process and the guilty party would be vetoed from any further collaboration with the journal.
The editors of the Journal are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published.
The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal’s editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.
Based on the review report of the reviewers and the editorial board, the editors can accept, reject, or request modifications to the manuscript.
Review of Manuscripts
Each manuscript must be initially evaluated by the editors for originality. After passing this test, the manuscript is forwarded to at least two (often three) reviewers for double-blind peer review (see Editorial Policies), each of whom will make a recommendation to accept, reject, or modify the manuscript.
The editors at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, political philosophy of the authors, or any personal interest.
The editors and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers.
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author.
DUTIES OF REVIEWERS
Contribution to Editorial Decisions
Double blind peer review assists the editors in making editorial decisions regarding the pertinence of publishing the received manuscripts (See Editorial Policies). Each reviewer will make a recommendation to accept, reject, or modify the manuscript, and may also assist the author in improving the paper through the editor.
Any manuscripts and information regarding manuscripts received by review must be treated as confidential. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
Standards of Objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
Acknowledgement of Sources
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.
Manuscript reviewers must ensure that authors have acknowledged all sources of data used in the research. Any kind of similarity or overlap between the manuscripts under consideration or with any other published paper of which reviewer has personal knowledge must be brought to the editor’s notice.
Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, or institutions connected to the papers.
Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editors and excuse himself from the review process, so that the manuscript could be sent to another reviewer
Declaración de conflicto de intereses
La información privilegiada o las ideas obtenidas mediante el proceso de revisión de pares deben ser confidenciales y no ser usadas para beneficio personal. Los dictaminadores no deben revisar artículos en los que tengan conflictos de interés derivados de relaciones colaborativas o de cualquier otra índole con los autores o instituciones asociadas con los artículos.
Tiempo de respuesta
Si un dictaminador seleccionado se considera incapaz de revisar el manuscrito en el tiempo señalado, debe notificar a los editores y excusarse del proceso de revisión, de modo que el manuscrito pueda ser enviado a otro dictaminador.